Thursday, December 11, 2014

It’s not all bad news…

ExxonMobil forecasts that the world’s energy demand will grow 35% higher by 2040. They came to this conclusion based on the prediction that the global middle class will grow to 5 billion people (from 2 billion in 2010) with the majority coming from China and India. This article discusses the future of oil, gas, coal, and unconventionals.

How will you contribute to the world’s future energy demand?

Tuesday, December 9, 2014

No Longer ‘Business as Usual’

ConocoPhillips announced yesterday that they are slashing their 2015 capital budget by 20%; accomplished by lower spending on major projects and the deferral of funds for unconventional plays. They still expect higher production however. Read more here.

Given oil’s rapid drop over the last four months, are you cutting your 2015 budget? Do you need help lowering your engineering and/or operating costs? Visit software.invensys.com/faster for more information.

Monday, December 1, 2014

It was inevitable, but it still hurts!

Moody’s Investors Service forecasts falling crude prices will dampened exploration & production spending in 2015, as new projects are based on $80/bbl oil. As expected, they attribute the slump in oil prices to the failure of global demand in keeping up with strong production growth. In their report, Moody’s predicts:
• Independent producers will cut capital investment by 20% from 2014 levels
• Production will grow in 2015-16 for most integrated companies as large projects come on stream
• Refiners will benefit from discounted crudes and lower energy costs

Learn how to get to first oil and gas faster by shortening development and commissioning time by visiting software.invensys.com/faster.

Join us in Rome for the 2015 Process Engineering Forum (March 11 & 12)











The SimSci team of experts invites you to meet at
SimSci Process Engineering Forum,
Waldorf Astoria ROME CAVALIERI Hotel in Rome, Italy.
Wednesday 11 and Thursday 12, March 2015
This year  SimSci Process Engineering Forum will focus on next generation software solutions for engineering and operations . This network focused, free event includes presentations from industry top executives, and will commence with a series of pre-conference technology sessions. The conference itself offers plenary and breakout sessions on Simulation, Operator Training Simulators, Optimization and Fluid Flow. The event offers unparalleled opportunity to interact with global experts from Schneider Electric's SimSci Group as well as affording plenty of time for informal discussions with your peers.
The preliminary agenda already includes exciting customer presentations from companies including ADGAS, ENI and Technip. Here's the preliminary agenda
Main Topics:
BUILD IT RIGHT
Simulation tools for engineering design
Operational Analysis 
RUN IT RIGHT
Dynamic Simulation
Operator Training Simulators
RUN IT BETTER
Management & Monitoring of process plants
Online Process Optimization
KEEP IT MOVING
Upstream Operational Analysis
Fluid Flow Simulation
  
For more information, visit the SimSci Process Engineering Forum Website


Friday, November 28, 2014

Repost of our most popular question in 2014: What are the Flash Point Calculation Methods?

This is a question commonly asked of Technical Support and the most frequently viewed post in 2014 - so i figured we would post the answer here to help those that don't want to contact Technical Support. 

Flash point - The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off a vapor in sufficient concentration to ignite when tested by the following methods:

1.Tagliabue Closed Tester (See American National Standard Method of Test for Flash Point by Tag Closed Tester, Z11.24 1979 [ASTM D56-79]).
2.Pensky-Martens Closed Tester (See American National Standard Method of Test for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester, Z11.7-1979 [ASTM D93-79]).
3.Setaflash Closed Tester (See American National Standard Method for Test for Flash Point by Setaflash Closed Tester [ASTM D 3278-78]).
Pensky-Martens (ASTM D93) is used for the flash point of fuel oils as well as viscous materials and suspension of solids.

Tagliabue (ASTM D56) is used for the determination of the flash point of all mobile liquids flashing below 200F except products classed as fuel oil. The Tag method is recommended for liquids having viscosities less than 5.5 cSt at 40C that do not contain suspended solids or do not have a tendency to form a surface film while under test.
(1003 12/15 TLM:  Added D86 to the API method below)
(1312 12/15 TLM:  Added the edition and year to API Data Book below)
(1328 12/15 TLM:  Changed the spelling of Pensky-Martens below)
In PRO/II and in ROMeo:
Flash point can be calculated by the Nelson method (FLPOINT=NELSON) or by the Pensky-Martens method (FLPOINT=API).  Nelson is the default.
PRO/II keyword syntax:
METHOD SYSTEM=........,FLPOINT=NELSON OR API
NELSON is default.
The other is API 2B7.1(Penske-Martins Closed Cup) .
The Nelson method is described in "Petroleum Refinery Engineering" by W.L. Nelson, 4th edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, p 131-133. The reference does not mention any restrictions on the range of applicability. I have copies of articles by Nelson in the 1944 Oil and Gas Journal in which he states his correlation is "probably not accurate enough to differentiate between diferent kinds of flash points".
For the Nelson method, set T= (IP + 2 x 5%pt + 10%pt)/ 4 and then the FP= 0.64 x T - 100. Note that T is an average T that may be defined differently by other implementations of the Nelson flash point distilled fraction equation. The temperature is in F and the percentages are volume percents of the ASTM D86 distillation. Since the initial point for simulated refinery streams is notoriously inaccurate, I am not surprised that inaccuracies are found in the Nelson method simulated results.
The API Procedure 2B7.1 is found in the API Data Book, 5th ed., 1992 (API 2B7.1). This is the Pensky-Martens closed cup method. The recommended range of applicability is between -15F to 325F flash points.
For the API method 1/FP = -0.014568 + 2.84947/T1 + 1.903E-03 ln(T1) where T1= ASTM D86 10% temperature for petroleum fractions or normal boiling point for pure compounds in degrees Rankine and FP is the flash point in degrees Rankine. There is a Figure 2B7.2 in the API Data Book that represents the equation written above.
A comment on the correlation of plant data to predicted results...
The best any simulator can do is to "simulate" a lab procedure. ASTM Lab tests are quite specific as to time and temperature handling of samples. Errors can creep into the results in taking and storing the sample as well as the actual lab analysis.  I do not know how close the simulated results are to plant data, but for the D93 lab test itself, answers for duplicate samples analyzed at different labs are acceptable within 6F.

As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team.

Efficient performance with #SimSci, #TechValidate

Customer Proof verified by TechValidate.

About PRO/II: PRO/II is the major product in the Process Engineering Suite (PES). This process simulation software optimizes plant performance by improving process design, operational analysis, and performing engineering studies. It is designed to perform rigorous heat and material balance calculations for a wide range of chemical processes. PRO/II allows users to evaluate the use of heat integration with case studies, rigorously evaluate process improvements with the help of a process flow diagram (PFD), or model crude distillation units. PRO/II offers a wide variety of thermodynamic models to virtually every industry and is incredibly cost effective, decreasing both capital and operating costs.
Technical Support: As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team for more information.

SimSci design software is easy to use but complete enough for process simulation needs, #TechValidate

Customer References verified by TechValidate.

About PRO/II: PRO/II is the major product in the Process Engineering Suite (PES). This process simulation software optimizes plant performance by improving process design, operational analysis, and performing engineering studies. It is designed to perform rigorous heat and material balance calculations for a wide range of chemical processes. PRO/II allows users to evaluate the use of heat integration with case studies, rigorously evaluate process improvements with the help of a process flow diagram (PFD), or model crude distillation units. PRO/II offers a wide variety of thermodynamic models to virtually every industry and is incredibly cost effective, decreasing both capital and operating costs.
Technical Support: As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team for more information.

SimSci offers well-known and appreciated features to this customer, #TechValidate

Customer Evidence verified by TechValidate.

About PRO/II: PRO/II is the major product in the Process Engineering Suite (PES). This process simulation software optimizes plant performance by improving process design, operational analysis, and performing engineering studies. It is designed to perform rigorous heat and material balance calculations for a wide range of chemical processes. PRO/II allows users to evaluate the use of heat integration with case studies, rigorously evaluate process improvements with the help of a process flow diagram (PFD), or model crude distillation units. PRO/II offers a wide variety of thermodynamic models to virtually every industry and is incredibly cost effective, decreasing both capital and operating costs.
Technical Support: As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team for more information.

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Optimize operation with #SimSci, #TechValidate

Customer Evidence verified by TechValidate.

About PRO/II: PRO/II is the major product in the Process Engineering Suite (PES). This process simulation software optimizes plant performance by improving process design, operational analysis, and performing engineering studies. It is designed to perform rigorous heat and material balance calculations for a wide range of chemical processes. PRO/II allows users to evaluate the use of heat integration with case studies, rigorously evaluate process improvements with the help of a process flow diagram (PFD), or model crude distillation units. PRO/II offers a wide variety of thermodynamic models to virtually every industry and is incredibly cost effective, decreasing both capital and operating costs.
Technical Support: As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team for more information.

Technical support is very helpful, #SimSci #TechValidate

Customer Evidence verified by TechValidate.

Technical Support: As always, feel free to reach out to your local technical support team for more information.